Facts - Kalimantan
The province of Central
Kalimantan was created on 23 May 1957 after a combination of small scale guerrilla actions
and intervention by Jakarta. Commodore Tjilik Riwut was the first governor and the capital
city at that time was then called Pahandut, a small village on the bank of Kahayan
river. Its name was later changed to the present Palangkaraya, which means great and
Central Kalimantan was still
controlled from the Banjarmasin ruler even after Indonesia proclaimed its independence on
17 August 1945. The Central Kalimantan Province then came under the automomy of the
Dayak of Central Kalimantan in the 1950s.
Central Kalimantan for
several centuries was under the control of Banjarmasin and the conversion of an Islamic
province began at the begining of the 17th century with the banjar Sultanate tradition of
life. The 1830s saw the arrival of the first Protestant missionaries and colonial
administration which introduced the Protestant religion to the Dayaks.
West Kalimantan is the third
largest province in Indonesia after West Papua and East Kalimantan. It is the only
Indoneisan province that shared an International land boundary with Malaysia (i.e.,
Sarawak). Its capital is Pontianak, which in some local dialects means vampire or
The migration of Malay
people who intermarried with the indigenous Dayak people in South Kalimantan around the
sixth century, is believed to be the beginning of the Banjar tribe. Dayak people of
the Banjar tribe are the mixture of the Maanyan, Bukit Lawangan, and Ngaju tribes, were
influenced by the Malay and Javanese cultures, which then become the most dominant culture
in the region.
* Kalimantan is known of its exotic wildlife and flora. The
world's largest flower, the Rafflesia is from here and Orangutans are only found here and
in Sumatra. Kalimantan is probably best known as the home of the Dayak. The Dayak consist
of various tribes with much diversity of art styles, customs and life-styles. Although now
banned by government authority, the Dayak previously were skilled headhunters and are
known for their massive longhouses and unique culture and traditions.